IDC International Journal

January, 2020

Dear Followers and Readers,

Wish you a Happy New Year. May, you all have a splendid 2020.

When every time, a new year unfolds itself in front of us, we make so many resolutions. We think that we will be able to meet those during the course of the year. If you analyze carefully, it can be seen that none of us ever reach those. The new year starts and after a few days we tend to forget our resolutions for that New Year. That’s how life is and will always be. Again, when it is time for another new year to start, we forget that we had not reached the resolutions last time. Instead, we start making a list of some fresh ones. Life is amazing. This process, this cycle goes on and on. We remain the persons we are.

This, New Year let us do something new. Let us make it a point to realize the importance of hard work. Let us make that the resolution this time. There is nothing that cannot be achieved through hard work. It helps one to become a creator of circumstances, from being in a state of a creature of circumstances. When we go through the pages of History, we read and learn about so many talented people who changed the direction of the human civilization. Unfortunately, we do not take a note of this fact that most of these people were very ordinary people. They were not really highly talented people. They were just hard workers. They could stay with problems longer than we do or we ever imagine that it can be done. Most of the legends that we read about, that we talk about, were actually hard workers, pure hard workers. They kept on working hard when everything and everybody went against them. They just kept on working hard. They never thought about what they did not have. A Gandhi, a Vivekananda, a Tagore or a Saurav Ganguly never lamented on their limitations. I don’t want to get into whether these people ever had any limitations or not. But it is a fact of life that such people never cried on what life denied them from. They just kept on working and working hard. I may sound repetitive, but I cannot help. This is the only way to life, to success, to glory, to respect, to honour and comfort. We have to keep into consideration that a journey of a million mile begins with a small step. Let us take the pledge to take those steps one by one.

On that note, I would like to thank my team for this new issue. I have seen them working hard. It is worth learning. Trust me, it is worth learning.

With warm regards,

Dr. Aamarpali Roy,

October, 2019

Dear Readers

Greetings from The IDC family.

Stress is defined as the reaction of the body towards any change. But nowadays doctors refer to stress as the reaction of the body towards a change that is negative to the body. In today’s world stress is probably the most widely spoken disease, if that should be called a disease.

The reason being that quantum of negativity has increased due to work pressure, competition and population explosion. This surely affects the body very badly. One of the most important ways by which stress affects the body is that it causes depression and thereby makes the body heavier to move. So a person undergoing stress somehow manages to get into what is called a vicious circle. A person is under stress. So he is unable to move freely. And, because he is unable to move freely, he is getting into more stress. Stress gets into the human mind and body very slowly most of the time. So the person undergoing stress most of the times is unable to realize that it is setting in his system. It is the slowest and surest “disease” affecting mankind today. It can be more dangerous than some of the so called severest of the diseases.

On that note, I wish you a stress free life and many happy hours with the latest issue of the IDC. Best regards,

Best regards,

Dr. Aamarpali Roy,

July, 2019

Dear Readers

Greetings from The IDC family.

This is a beautiful time that we have arrived at. A new issue of IDC has been published and I can see the entire team of IDC a little relaxed after months of hard work. I am very fortunate to have such a disciplined team. Discipline is the most important ingredient of success. Even highly talented people who are not disciplined cannot hold on to their success. I, at times wonder how small nations rose to power, became the strongest in the world, hold on to their power and went ahead to control the world for some period of time. My analysis says that most of these nations had discipline in their blood flow. They were not necessarily a nation of highly talented people. They disciplined themselves and what followed was “success”.

I have met so many different types of people in my life and I have seen that the most successful ones are the ones who are enjoying what they are doing. Very rarely people succeed when they are not enjoying what they are doing. People can enjoy what they are doing when they are disciplined enough. A faulty and undisciplined life style will go on creating irritations, particularly in the minds. So the person concerned will not be able to enjoy his life. Thus, success will remain a much cherished and imaginary matter. Discipline is the first step towards success.

I have seen across the world that we have created a generation today which is less fit than the previous generations. Yes, I know that work pressure and competition have increased. But that cannot act as a reason to this problem. This generation also has people who are very fit. I find most people these days very undisciplined. They do not eat at the right time of the day. They do not sleep adequately. They do not exercise. They do not have a hobby that can help in relaxation. The reason behind this is lack of discipline and the result is dissatisfaction. Discipline is this important in our lives.

On that note, I wish you a disciplined life and many happy hours with the latest issue of the IDC.

Best regards,

Dr. Aamarpali Roy,

April, 2019

Dear Readers, Friends and Well-wishers,

Greetings from The IDC family.

With the arrival of April, we are appearing in a wonderful time of the year. A new issue of the IDC International Journal has been published to enrich ourselves about the latest developments in the field of research and thought creation. And, just before this month started, India becamea super power of the space. It is the fourth nation to do so after the United States, Russia and China. What an amazing achievement is that? The whole nation isfeeling so proud. The entire world is accepting and saluting India’s supremacy in the space.

It’s been just a little more than seventy one years that India regained her independence. But when it comes to technical advancements and achievements to what a height this nascent nation has reached? In the field of defense, India is a self-sufficient nation. In the field of communication, railways, roadways, air trafficking and telecommunication has been experiencing a boom since the past twenty – twenty five years. In fields like trade, commerce and business also technology has kept its footprints through business intelligence and e- commerce. In avenues like education, medicine, public administration and infrastructure developments, India is envy for the rest of the world. It is impossible to forget the names like green revolution and Dr. Kurien’s white revolution. We cannot neglect the contributions of Professor Jagadish Chandra Bose, C.V. Raman, missile man – Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, Prasanta Chandra Mahalnobis and many others. In an attempt, to think and learn about India’s technical and scientific advancements, I realized that it was possible because of proper educational efforts. Institutes and universities like the IITs, AIIMS, BESU, Indian Institute of Science, ISI and many others, that India was able to maintain a constant supply of global level technocrats. For this special thanks has to be given to those people who frame the education policy of this great nation. I realized that India is one of the major global giants in the fields of science and technology because of her constant efforts in research related to these fields.

And, the most important thing that this nation has done is to maintain a consistency in her policies and implementations. It is a great nation. It is a great nation because it has been made great through proper planning and implementations.

As citizens of the world and of this nation, we must help each other in maintaining this consistency if India is to maintain her position in technical advancements. We have to do this because that is not for the sake of the nation but primarily for ourselves.

On that note, I thank you for your constant support and motivation.

Best regards,

Dr. Aamarpali Roy,

January, 2019

Dear Readers, Friends and Well-wishers,

Wish you a Happy New Year. May this year bring to you the brightest of the glories!May you have the best time of your lives!

On the first day of this New Year there were many messages that flooded my inboxes. Some of my friends and relatives were very enthusiastic to send me the messages on 12 a.m. I was taken to the world of thoughts by this action. We wish each other so many good times and great things. Ultimately, when those come true, we feel happy. But what makes these wishes come true? I was wondering. I was thinking. I was analyzing. I was researching. I remember I was, as a kid, always told by my teachers to read autobiographies. I have not yet come out of that habit. Still now I read a lot of autobiographies. What is interestingly common in all these autobiographies is that all successful men and women had some good habits. It took them years to inculcate these good habits. And, you can well imagine that it took them “millenniums” to get the results from out of those good habits. After all, Rome was not built in a day. I reached the conclusion that good habits give us the great times of our lives. Most of the time,these good habits are practiced silently. The person, who is practicing them, does not notice. Thus, very often we do not realize that what we have achieved in our lives is the result of a few good habits. Few of these good habits are very easy to practice. Almost all self-improvement experts tell you to wake up by 5 a.m. Most management proponents would tell you to take a note of the things that you will do. Doctors would tell you to go for regular checkups. Lawyers would tell you to maintain the legality of everything that we do. These are so simple. But there are so many obstacles to reach them. Fatigue, frustration, irritation, lack of interest, ill health and ill temper etc. are some of the reasons because of which we fail to practice the simple good habits in our daily lives.

It’s a new year. A new opportunity, a new scope, a new chance, altogether a new beginning … Let’s make the most of it. Let’s develop good habits and practice them every day. Let’s make this world, the world of our dreams. With a new copy of IDC, I am sure this will be nothing less than that.

Wishing you great times.

Best regards,

Dr. Aamarpali Roy,

October, 2018

Dear Readers, Friends and Well-wishers,

Greetings from The IDC family.

As we enter into yet another month of October in our lives, it's time for all of us to get ready for the approaching season of festivals. Be it Durga Puja, Navratri, Diwali, Chat Puja, BhaiyaDwuj or any other festival, I feel spirited with the arrival of this October. What a wonderful time of the year this is? As we celebrate these festivals in each and every corner of this country, we bind ourselves to the nation and particularly to the unity of the nation. I feel amazed to note that India is a country of diversities and yet we are one. The various Indian festivals not only bring about a sense of unity, but these also gives a true meaning to the song "Miley soormeratumahara…" What an amazing creation of the Almighty these Indian festivals are?

As I have written earlier also, I have traveled across the length and breadth of this country. This happened due to both, my official commitments and "wander lust". I have seen Durga Puja getting celebrated outside Bengal by other communities. I have seen Diwali being celebrated in the north east. I experienced Chat Puja behind the Vindhyas. I have observed Pongal, Bihu and Onamin northern India. The acceptance of these festivals and their observance by the nation as a whole, contributed towards the development of one India. 'One India' … that sounds great and feels equally great to be a part of this one India. The Indian festivals bring about a spirit of liberty and oneness.

It gives me pain to see that today’s young generation are absorbed so much into internet and the virtual reality that sometimes they seem to be away from accepting reality. They are many times, as I found out, not aware about the Indian festivals, their significance and how they have helped in bringing unity in this country. The fault lies not in them. It lies in us. We have failed to imbibe these in them. They were not born into this world thinking that the western culture is good and that it is not so fashionable to follow and accept the Indian culture. It is our shortcomings, our immaturity that has made them negligent towards India’s five thousand year old culture and festivals. The point that I am trying to make is that if we do not motivate and make them aware about our past, our heritage, culture and festivals, then this five thousand year old civilization would develop cracks. The unity despite diversity that can be seen today is the work of generations and we cannot let our grip get lose on that.

So, let's enjoy the festive season by actively participating in the festivals.

Best regards,

Dr. Aamarpali Roy,

July, 2018

Dear Readers and Friends,

Greetings from The IDC family.

With the rapid progress of the civilization, industrialization and business, the world as a whole is becoming more and more prosperous. I still remember a few years back, the Nobel Prize winning world famous economist from Bangladesh, MohhamedYounus saying that a day will come when poverty will become a matter found in history books only. People will have to go to museums to see models of poor people. Poverty will become extinct. The world will have only two types of people, the rich and the richest. I was wondering about how that would be possible? Slowly and gradually I find a revolution in business and trade practices that I think will make this a reality to a huge extent.

Just imagine of a few models of business like the franchisee model and the sachet model. The franchisee model is one of the greatest discoveries of mankind. It is an extension of distribution channel development. When someone is stationed in some remote part and cannot reach me, I can use the franchisee model to reach that person. The cost of that person to reach me will not be borne by him. It will be borne by me and economies of scale will enable me to take care of my increased cost. Thus, this customer who was finding it difficult to reach me will be able to do so at a cheaper rate. This will enable him to save money and purchase even more. On the other hand, the sachet model presents commodities in a sachet package. Thus, at a cheaper rate the poor customer is able to use the same commodity that the rich are using. The interesting aspect of both these two models of business is that they have the capacity to influence the consumer behavior of the customer/ consumer. The franchisee model and the sachet model are making things available even to those sections of the society who under normal conditions would not have dreamt of using that. These sections of the society are getting used to using higher end products. At one point of time they will find it unable to use the typical cheaper products that they had been using always. Thus, at that time even if they do not have the money there will be the revolutions in finance to help them out. Payment through installment schemes, easy access to loans and late payment systems will help them to use the higher end commodities. Thus, gaps are decreasing between the elite classes and the poorer sections of the society. The so called poorer sections of the society are getting closer to the elite class. And as a result of this poverty is declining.

In such a critical stage research will play a vital role in discovering newer and newer ways of reaching commodities to consumers at a cheaper rate.

On that note wishing you happy hours with the new issue of IDC.

Best regards,

Dr. Aamarpali Roy,

April, 2018

Dear Readers and Friends,

Greetings from The IDC family.

Just a few days back I was going through a website that stated the month of April as a very dangerous month that usually records the highest number of road accidents due to drunk driving. To be honest, I was very surprised with this statistics. And, in my mind I was trying to figure out the reasons behind this. But I just could not. I think one possible reason behind this may be the fact that due to the rise in the scorching heat, many who drive cars drink. The problem commences when these drunk drivers start to drive the cars. Human life is too costly. So let us take an oath to stop driving while drunk. It can cause damage to us and our family. Also we have to remember that it can cause damage to the pedestrians too, and this damage can be fatal and permanent.

Drunk driving is one of the major reasons for road accidents around the world. It is one of the major reasons for death due to road accidents and created physical disorders. It is so dangerous but it is so easy to avoid it too. The easiest way to prevent drunk driving is not to touch the steering of the car when you have consumed alcohol. Alcohol temporarily eases and weakens our central nervous system. We cannot feel and see a lot of things around us that actually exist very close.

We are a part of the world that is developing. In this part of the world the society faces the challenge of obedience of statutes. It is our duty to remember that all evils and wrong doings cannot be stopped by the state by just passing of laws and implementing them. It is our duty to make rules for ourselves and obey them. This will ensure betterment of the society and faster progression of the nation towards being a developed nation. Preservation and maintenance of life is so easy. But we will have to follow those easy steps to ensure this.

On that note, I wish you all a great life which is free from drunk driving. I wish you a healthy and happy life. Enjoy reading the new issue of IDC which is the result of hard work of months.

Best regards,

Dr. Aamarpali Roy,

January, 2018

Dear Readers,

Greetings from The IDC family.

It has been quite a few years since when we started our journey. Your love and relentless support has helped us to conquer what seemed impossible at one point of time.

Few days back I attended a seminar where I saw research guides and scholars using our articles for generation of new topics of research and as sources of information. I was very happy to see some using this journal as a directional tool. Since then a question was going on reverberating in my mind. Reviewed articles are those which have been written by researchers, reviewed by professional reviewers and published in a research journal. Is the importance of such reviewed articles increasing day by day?

Review articles basically don’t give information about any new findings. They are secondary sources as their bibliographies help identifying primary sources.Reviewed articles provide a base for applied research. May be they are unable to serve those engaged with fundamental or pure or basic research. But they can serve as a base of researches done on related topics. We have to remember that today’s world is the world of trade and commerce. Thus, this has become the age of applications and improvements. Applications and improvements ensure cost cut off and growth which is the mantra of success for all businesses. This has added a new dimension to applied research as it is concerned mostly with applications and improvements. Hence, I think it would be correct to say that review articles by helping applied research, has indirectly helped applications and improvements, thereby contributing in the expansion of business volumes.

Apart from this, reviewed articles also give us idea about the research approaches followed in various types of researches. It tells us about the difficulties faced by researchers in various avenues of research. It speaks of the latest developments in research, the challenges and bottlenecks in research. It does not stop there. It also tells us about the ways of meeting the challenges and overcoming bottlenecks.

I just sometimes wonder what will happen to this world if there were no reviewed articles. In that case, probably there would have been no applied research. There would have been no innovations. My goodness, I cannot even imagine of such a world where there would be no innovations. It would be a static world, a world moving towards an end. Reviewed articles give us direction and energy to innovate, to create a tomorrow that is better than all tomorrows to come. We need to stay connected to share information and gather knowledge about researches in newer and newer spheres of life.

On that note, I wish you all, many happy hours of enjoyment and reading with this new issue of The IDC. I thank all the authors, reviewers and my team members.

Best regards,

Dr. Aamarpali Roy,

October 2017

Dear Readers,

We are into the most beautiful part of the year. The festive season is back with a new issue of IDC. This is the season that provides us with respite from the busy schedule that we have to carry for the whole year. I wish you the very best for this season. I wish you a season of hours of reading. Have loads of enjoyment during the festivals. And, please spare a thought for the team of IDC whose hard work makes it possible for me.

These festivals apart from providing us with enjoyment also provide us with something else. They provide us with "unity". We enjoy the festivities with our family and friends. We are so happy on those days that we start to think out of the box. We just don’t think about ourselves during these days. We also think about the sections of the society that remain untouched and untapped. In true sense, this is the time of the year that brings a spirit of togetherness, of unity, of getting touched and developing hope.

These days I find the world taking an unknown shape. This is no more the world where differences are celebrated and respected. This is the world where power understands just one language and that is the language of violence. Stories of murders, rapes, loots, vandalism are the commonest in this age. Were we the people who had seen a man called Gautam Buddha who left his everything in search of a few words of wisdom? Were we the people who had seen the fights for equality by Gandhi and Mandela? I remember going through the life story of Martin Luther King once. He always said that either we shall live as one or perish as individuals. But where are we living as one? We are all separatists today. We are all busy in classifications and divisions. Is this way the human civilization going to meet great challenges and obstacles? Is it that we are heading to an end … the end of the longest opera in this planet … an opera called "life"?

I cannot logically put it but I know deep inside me that we are not heading towards the end. It is impossible. After all what we see today are the results of sacrifices of uncountable generations. How can we take it to the end? I remember an Italian scholar called Mazzini once spoke in his theory of rights of self-determination that all of us we have the right to remain what we are. This world is a world of differences. All of us we are different from each other.So if we have to create a single world then we have to respect each other and that is the only way.

In this festive season let’s celebrate festivals of all communities and religions. Let us begin. A journey to the toughest of destinations begins with a small step. Let us take that small step. I promise you, the giant ones will follow.

Best regards,

Dr. Aamarpali Roy,

July 2017

Dear Readers,

After the long months of summer at last we have the rains for our company. This year’s summer was one of the longest and toughest. There were parts of India and the world where people had to battle the heat waves. As I keep on traveling across India, I meet people from various parts of this nation. Even those parts of India that never had a prolonged summer are experiencing severity of this season for the last few years. I was not shocked to see the length and the magnitude of summer this year, but yes, I must say that I was forced to think about it. Are we as humans reaching the end? This was the question that kept on haunting in my mind. Is the prolonged summer a signal of that end that we are going to reach shortly? As humans we have only harnessed nature for our benefits. We had never turned to nature to see if she was able to replenish the hollows that we have created because of our greed. Today the time has come when nature is unable to replenish herself and we are suffering for that. We, humans are the most intelligent specie on this planet (or probably in the universe). But we seem to forget that from time to time. If we are the most intelligent, most superior among all species, then we should also behave like one. We have to take care of nature, the environment and the other species. Unfortunately, we were so busy fulfilling our needs, demands and greed that we forgot about our superiority and the type of the behavior that was expected from us. The result is what all of us can see. We are left with a world that has only one season today and that is the summer. This is enough proof about the fact that we had not taken care of the nature and now we are getting stuck in a dark tunnel. With the arrival of the monsoon we will start to get the torrential rains and then for one more year we will forget the fact that we had not done enough for the planet. Why to misuse one more year? Let’s plant trees. You don’t have to do much. Just plant one sapling and watch it grow. Each one, plant one. The problems will be taken care of.

On that note, I present to you one more issue of The IDC. It’s the result of hard work for weeks and months. When we see your satisfied expressions, we get paid for our hard work.

Best regards,

Dr. Aamarpali Roy,

April 2017

Dear Readers/ Followers/ Well Wishers,

This is April and we are back to you with an issue of IDC. It is something that has become a norm in our lives for the past few years. In fact, I shall go one step forward and say that the significance of April is that in this month we will get an issue of IDC. We will get introduced to some more thoughts and works belonging to a scholastic level. We shall come across some new scholars. We shall spend time reading the articles written in IDC. That’s April and its significance for us. However, I must mention that no journal can run without the readers. The readers are the lives of the journals. Today April means a new issue of IDC to all of us and that has been possible because of all of you. But as you wait eagerly as readers to get an issue of IDC, similarly scholars whose writings get published also wait for your thoughts and reactions about their work. Thus, we have created a world in IDC where all of us we eagerly wait for each other, we wait for a new issue of IDC.

Just the way, April means a new issue of IDC; it also marks the beginning of a new financial year with new targets and new hopes, aspirations, dreams and goals. April marks the beginning of the New Year in many parts of India. So let me take this opportunity to wish you a happy new year to those for whom a new year is going to commence or has already commenced by the time you get your issue of IDC in your hands. Let us pray to the Almighty so that this New Year brings new levels of energy, spirit, success and peace to all of us. May this be one of the most fascinating and adventurous years of our lives.

To those who are professionals April signifies new targets and goals in the office. Throughout the year you will run after these new targets and goals. Some of you will reach them. Some of you will not reach them. That is how life is. Those of you who will reach the new targets and goals will relish the year and it will go down in your memory as special. Those who will fail to reach the new targets and goals will try to forget this year as soon as possible. This is how life is. I sound repetitive but this is how life is. The question is that how many of us try to get ourselves readied before getting into the battles. Probably not too many of us. We are forced to move with the speed of life and get going with the assignments assigned to us. But that is not how these are to be tackled. It is the time of the year when we should slow the speed and get ourselves readied first. Then we should get going with our new set of targets and goals. At times please slow down the pace of your life and see the change in you.
To your success.

Thanks and regards.
Dr. Aamarpali Roy,

January 2017

Dear Readers/ Followers/ Well Wishers,

Let me take this opportunity from the IDC family to wish you all a very happy and prosperous new year. Let this be a great 2017. On that note, I am indeed pleased to introduce the new issue of the IDC to you. Its been moths of hard work and then this issue became a reality. What a pleasure it is to go through this issue. All the tears, the pains of sacrifices, the difficulties, and the memories of the trying times … all vanish when we start to receive the accolades for this issue of the IDC. My team members are the best in the world and I am blessed to have them. I learn from them the levels of dedication, the perseverance and determination levels that are needed to be maintained. Thanks to the reviewers, scholars and writers who contributed with their writings, precious views and smart innovative ideas. The IDC family is a great and united one. We are united for the cause of education and producing a platform where thinkers, scholars and writers can express themselves.

January is the month of happiness around the world as it signifies the commencement of a new year, a new series of aspirations and hopes. But let us also remember that this is the month that also signifies the publications of academic results in innumerable universities, institutes, schools and colleges. This is a very critical time of the year as publications of academic results means happiness for some and serious unhappiness for some others. Let us for the time being think about those for whom publications of results means unhappiness. Being unsuccessful once does not mean the end of the world. There have a lot of instances where a student after being unsuccessful went ahead to conquer victory and emerge as a champion. Rabindranath Tagore, Sachin Tendulkar, Diego Maradona, Thomas Edison, Mark Zuckerberg, Bill gates are just a few names in that list. These personalities were not university toppers. Still they were the best in what they were doing. They were so ahead of others that they have raised the standards for those university toppers who were operating in their fields. That’s really amazing. Isn’t it? So let us not be ruthless while criticizing the students who come out of the academic world as failures. Criticism should be like gentle rain. It is meant to nourish you from within the roots and not demolish you by uprooting yourself. We need to be ultra-careful in our dealings with these students who come out as unsuccessful for our main aim should be to get them motivated, to inspire them to try to cross the hurdles with greater conviction, to help them focus again and to let them be who they are. Just one failure does not mean the end of the world.

Let this be the January that will mark the beginning of criticism that is like gentle rain.

Thanks and regards.
Dr. Aamarpali Roy,

October 2016

Dear Readers/ Followers and Well-wishers,

This is a wonderful time of the year in India. With the onset of the festive season, we celebrate Navaratri, Durga Puja, Lakshmi Puja, Kali Puja, Diwali, Chhat Puja and Bhaiya Duj. All these festivals are not celebrated in every part of the country with equal granger. But still they have developed acceptance almost everywhere. These festivals are an opportunity for us to remind ourselves to stay united and enjoy together. For centuries ours have been a nation that has believed in staying and being together. In fact it is India that has taught the world the great concept of unity in diversity. It is India that has taught the world that moments of glory and enjoyment are the best when they are enjoyed together.

But in such wonderful time of the year we also had the terror attacks on our army personnel in Uri. This led to the surgical strikes across the LOC. Let us, during all these enjoyments not forget those who lost their lives in these terror attacks. Let us not forget the family members of those who laid down their lives in the service of the nation. May the Almighty give them strength to fight against this situation and come out stronger

Whenever I come across news of terror attacks like this, I wish we could create a world without terror and fundamentalism. At least let us hope to create a world where no one will have to face the pain of losing a near and dear one due to terror attacks.

But life is not dark always. So on that note let me also wish you a great festive season. The festivals that we celebrate during this time of the year teach us a lot of things. As I said earlier that these festivals have taught us to stay and enjoy together, similarly, they have also taught us to respond together. The purpose of all sorts of unity is to form a collective response and when I say a "collective response", I mean a response that is generated together. We have been able to maintain the unity of our nation to a huge extent because we had, as a nation, always responded together to anything that needed a response from our side. So this festive season let us all stay together and enjoy together. Let us bring out the best from ourselves. Let us all start to work towards tomorrows that will be better than all yesterdays that are gone. It is time to shine and sparkle. It is time to dream and hope.

Once again, I wish all of you a great festive season ahead.

Thanks and regards,

Dr. Aamarpali Roy,


July 2016

My dear readers,

We have one more issue of The IDC in our hands … a result of the hard work put in by my entire team for the last few months. I am very relieved to see the excitement of my team members with the release of each and every issue of the journal as that says that The IDC is in safe hands. A special thanks to the authors who contributed with their writings in this issue. But as we were readying this issue, the world around us kept on bleeding. Yes, I am talking about the political and terrorist activities in Kashmir, in Syria, in Dhaka, in the Gaza strip and in other parts of the world.

I remember learning from Wilfred Garner that political science begins and ends with the state. But the way I see politics influencing and catalyzing terrorism and fundamentalism, that sort of fools me today. I am afraid to see that a lot many people today do not understand that what we see in the world are a result of hard work and sacrifices of those who laid the foundations of human civilization for generations. I am afraid to realize that a lot many do not understand that what we are today are the results of the efforts put in by our ancestors and that is for large chunks of periods. Fundamentalist thinking has endangered the lives of all in this age.

As I see the killing of people around the world, particularly the innocent ones, I am forced to think about the danger that may lie ahead of us. What has mankind achieved from the wars and battles, conflicts and collisions? What have the World Wars given us? Destructions and demolition on your side is bound to affect me some day. As humanity gets murdered in your land, we cannot relax thinking that we are safe and secured. In the words of Martin Luther King Jr. either we shall live as one or perish as individuals.

The civilization, the world, the freedom, the thoughts … all that we are enjoying today, let receive immortality from our hands. Let the process start from somewhere. I think education is the only answer to all these problems. The more we educate people, the more they will be inclined to think and understand their benefits. Terrorism and fundamentalism cannot benefit anyone. These are not answers to civilizational problems.

These are not answers to social, political and economic problems. It is essential that we, the mankind of today, master the art of releasing men from all their inequalities and injustice that they had to encounter. Through justice and establishment of brotherhood we will be able to bring in peace.


Let’s hope for a better tomorrow. Let’s create a world where a single drop of blood will not flow out of the veins.

Wishing you all great times ahead.

Thanks and regards,

April 2016

My dear readers,

This is a matter of great pleasure for me to come up with April Issue of IDC. In this context, I would like to thank my entire team who worked very hard to make this issue a reality. Also special thanks have to be given to the readers who continuously kept on inspiring us during our journey of preparing this issue of IDC. Without your support and inspiration, we would not be able to move an inch.

After a long winter, we have almost reached a summer. The meteorologists have forecasted an even more scorching summer this time. In certain parts of India we are expecting temperatures as high as 50 degrees Celsius. Incredible! But that is how life is expected to be during this summer. I was thinking why summers are slowly getting severe with every passing year. Well, I did not get an answer to this question. Instead, I got another question. What makes us believe that we should not expect such severity of nature? Have we done enough for the environment and the nature? Perhaps not. Since the commencement of the civilization we have only derived from the environment and nature.

We never stopped to think about replenishing all that we had taken away for our benefits. Slowly and gradually we have reached the phase when nature is getting revengeful. Nature wants every bit of what she has given us, back, along with a compounding rate of interest. We do not have enough funds to pay the principal, forget the interest. This is bringing us to the verge of self destruction. The most important question that is being raised everywhere today is that how we are going to save this civilization? How we are going to save ourselves.

It’s very tough to save ourselves today. We have reached almost a dead end. But as philosophers say that there cannot be any dead end in life, I too, am putting forward the same idea. I am hopeful that even now the wrath of nature can be taken care of and we can save ourselves. What we need to do is just sacrifice a little. We are used to using fire, electricity, cars that emit harmful carbon monoxide, electrical gadgets that produce a lot of heat. If we are ready to sacrifice a small percentage of the use of these things that causes pollution in some way, we will reach a stage from where we will be able to control the rate of environmental pollution.

Today we are in a stage where there seems to be no hope.There is no silver lining behind the clouds. In such a time if we are able to curb the environmental pollution to some extent, then we will feel the passion again. We will start to believe again that it can be done. No target is too steep to achieve. It’s the mind that makes the target look steep. So let us aim to create a situation from where we can look forward to control environmental pollution and take care of Mother Nature.


With warm regards,


January 2016

Since gaining independence in 1947 India has achieved so many feats. India fought four major wars in 1947, 1965, 1971 and 1999 and won all of them. India established her democracy on strong foundations and became the largest democracy in the world. India established a judicial system which is just, unbiased, free from political pressure and out of the control of the army.

India became one of the largest producers of trained doctors, technocrats, accountants, teachers, nurses, management professionals and lawyers. India became self-sufficient in food crop production through green revolution. The unity in diversity, the integrity of the nation, the sporting achievements, becoming a member of the nuclear club, producing world class cinema, setting up of some of the largest industries in the world like the tea industry, the agro based industries of Uttar Pradesh, the steel industries, maintaining political stability in the country, achieving the feat of being one of the fastest growing economies in the world, the mission to Mars … all these are not achievements that can be neglected. But still, India remains a nation which is considered as a developing economy and not a developed economy.

One of the most important reasons behind this is that education has not reached the poor who constitute the major chunk of the population. Education has reached the upper sections and the middle classes only. The benefits of education could not be made available to the poor. In India it is a fashion to blame the government and the governmental bodies for every positive thing that does not happen and every negative thing that happens. There is no point in blaming the government for everything. Even we citizens of the country are sometimes responsible for everything that could be achieved but has not been achieved.

So let us all come forward to remove these pictures of missed achievements. Let us start with education. Let us help the government in reaching education to the poorer sections of the society. Let us be within our comfort zone and teach one. We do not have to teach a thousand or a hundred. Let us target to educate one. If we reach our target that will make the difference, that will erase the gap between India being a developing economy and a developed economy.

The time has come when we can and we should adopt the philosophy of "Each one, Teach one." Let us, all of us, take just half an hour from our daily routine or may be even less than that, just an hour from our weekly routine. Let us use this time for teaching a poor around us. It is time that we ourselves take up the baton of converting India into a developed economy by creation of educated human resources through investment of a negligible time from our daily/ weekly routine. This is the need of the hour. Let us all of us for the sake of creation of a modern, vibrating, smart and educated India, adopt the philosophy of "Each One, Teach One."


The view is amazing from the top

October 2015

The current period may pass as a vital period in the history of this country. After gaining independence in 1947, India had to struggle through various ups and downs to establish herself. It was through a green revolution, three wars and one conflict in Kargil, launching of the two ‘Chandrayan’ (moon exploration) Projects, launching ‘Mangalayan’ - the mission to mars, the nationalisation of the commercial banks, the opening up of the economy in the early 1990s, continuous blood shedding in Kashmir and the North-East for the last so many years, that the country has continuously strived to establish itself as a developing economy. But for how long is it feasible for this nation to remain a developing economy? Particularly if that nation is the world’s second most populated country, the largest democracy and the youngest nation in terms of percentage of its population below the age of thirty five years. How long is it possible for a nation that has the largest pool of trained manpower in the world, in the form of world class doctors, technocrats, lawyers, accountants and teachers to remain as such? Probably it is not feasible for too long. India is destined to emerge as a global superpower.

A phase would be reached in the history of this great nation when the world could no longer afford to see India as a pygmy of a nation. From here starts the journey of the country towards becoming a global power of reckoning. India had already become a part of the nuclear club. Perhaps a seat in the Security Council of the United Nations does not look like an outlandish dream. With a robust education sector, one of the fastest growing economies in the world, with appropriate focus on research and development, with rise of a strong middle class with high purchasing power, with introduction of the indigenously built missiles, rockets, rocket launchers, missile carriers, arms and ammunitions for the fourth largest armed force in the world, it can truly be said that India is well on her way towards becoming a global superpower.

But the question that took birth in my mind in this context was what role is expected from us, from each and every person in our society.

There is definitely a role each one of us has to play. Whatever profession we are in, we will have to perform our job to the best of our capabilities. India cannot become a global superpower without the contribution from her each and every citizen. Not all are required to go to the border and lay down their lives as soldiers defending it. Instead, let us all strive harder in whatever sphere of life we work in. If a teacher starts to think that he/ she should teach well in his/ her classes or else the nation suffers, we progress as a country. If sweepers start to think that they should perform their duties well or else development will be hindered, the country achieves much. If a driver while driving rashly on the roads starts to think that such driving is detrimental to progress of the nation, the society gains. In short, let us all perform to the best of our abilities in whatever sphere of life we find ourselves in. Let us all contribute towards the development of the nation.

I assure you all that the day is not far off when this three thousand year old civilisation will emerge as a global superpower. Yes, there will be obstacles in our way to glory but that need not deter us. The view is amazing from the top.


Wishing you all great times ahead,

Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam

July 2015

It is indeed a very difficult time for all of us. We have lost a great scientist a great teacher, a great visionary and a great thinker. Above all he was a people's Prez. A man named Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam.

He was the type of an apolitical personality who can never be forgotten, not only because of his contributions in science, technology, education, in building the nation but mainly because of the passion and inspiration that he spread across many. A true example of the popular saying "simple living, high thinking", this techno yogi was largely responsible for making India a member of the nuclear club. As a chief executive head of the state he traveled across the length and breadth of the nation to meet students, to teach them, to inspire them and keep them motivated.

One of those rare personalities who rose above petty protocols of life, Dr. A.P. J. Abdul Kalam actually made his life a lesson for all ages to come. He was responsible for igniting a million minds through his writings. He kept on inspiring people through immortal quotes and speeches..

Just the other day I was going through the newspaper which wrote about the feelings of some people after the sad demise of the great man. One wrote that President Kalam will be remembered as someone who practiced what he said unlike many politicians. In fact, I also felt the same. It was this honesty of the great man that could immediately fasten a bond with millions of people around him and across this nation. As a President of the nation also he stood beside the common people. He visited Siachen to meet the Jawans of the Indian Army to inspire them. He visited schools, colleges, universities and Chambers of Commerce throughout India. He spoke on ethics, importance of education and the need for maintaining the social bonding..

I remember my seniors in the family saying that they had lived in the age of Mahatma Gandhi. I am indeed lucky, I am fortunate that I walked in this planet when Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam was here.


Some people are sad after his demise and quite rightly so. But frankly speaking I am not. Yes, it is true that we would not be able to meet him, touch him, talk to him or see him. But great personalities like Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam do not die. They are immortal. They achieve immortality through their thinking, ideologies, teachings, preaching, talking, the way they lead their lives, the way they carried themselves when they were alive and specially by the way they thought ahead of their time.

Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam is not just a name, not just a phenomenon. Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam is a way of life. He is and will always be with us, beside us.

May his soul rest in peace!


April 2015

The American writer Theodor Seuss Geisel, widely known for his children’s books written under his pseudonym Dr. Seuss, once wrote, "The more that you read, the more things you will know. The more that you learn the more places you'll go." Undoubtedly the secret to a successful life is information and since reading is still the best source of information available, it can give the reader a great edge and distinct advantage in life. Among the myriad advantages of reading following points are worth mentioning.

1. Improves focus and concentration: Staying with a book for a long period shuts down the mind to the outside world and immerses the reader in the text which helps to focus the mind in the subject matter that strengthens concentration power.

2. Boosts brain power:  Reading gives the brain a good work-out just like jogging does it for the cardiovascular system. Neurologists agree that reading keeps the mind sharper longer.

3. Enhances vocabulary: Reading increases one’s vocabulary more than talking or direct teaching. It also improves spelling skills and illustrates word usages.

4. Develops verbal abilities: The fervent reader being equipped with wider vocabulary and varied range of words becomes adept at better articulation of thoughts and feelings to get the point across more effectively.


5. Improves memory: When one reads there is always more time to think and comprehend. Hence, Reading helps the reader stretch the memory muscles. Many studies show, if you do not use the memory, you lose it.

6. Improves reasoning skills: Books for professionals contain arguments for or against any enunciation. It helps the reader to reason better with the knowledge gained from reading.

7. Improves imaginations: By reading a written description of an event or a place, the reader’s mind is responsible for creating that image in the head instead the image being placed in front like in television viewing. Other people’s views and opinions will help the reader expand his understanding of what is possible

8.  Reduces stress: After a stressful day, a book can easily distract the mind and relieve stress. Studies have shown that reading silently, for six minutes can slow down the heart rate and ease tension in the muscles

9.  Decreases boredom:  To get away from boredom of the daily grind it may be worthwhile to pick up a good book and read it.

10. Reading before bed helps sleep: To many reading becomes a bedtime ritual that signals to the body that it is time to wind down and go to sleep.

11.Provides a glimpse into other cultures and places:Books can expand one’s horizons to enrich the mind by unfurling the canvas about different places and cultures. The ardent traveller gets the impetus to plan his next itinerary.
In the words of Mark Twain "The man who does not read has no advantage over the man who cannot read.” Reading stimulates and at the same time relaxes the mind. Books can be teachers, mentors and inspiration for the passionate reader.   


January 2015

The word dope entered American English from the Dutch word doop meaning "thick dipping sauce" during the days of Dutch colonists of New Amsterdam, now New York City. Later, the meaning of dope extended to the practice of smoking a semi-liquid dark opium preparation. This is the root of the modern meaning of dope, a narcotic substance administered to a racehorse to affect its performance.

Following this, the verb doping further meant giving a narcotic "drug" to an athlete to unfairly boost or even worsen performance in competitive sports. Historically doping in sports, usage of some performance enhancing herbs, found mention in chariot racing in ancient Rome. Ancient Greek athletes also consumed stimulating potions to strengthen themselves.

International organisations regulating sporting competitions today, like the International Olympic Committee, have banned use of performance boosting drugs, ruling the practice unethical to ensure a level playing field for all athletes. The ban is legitimately imposed to deny a competitor using an artificial enhancer from gaining unfair advantage over others in competition.

It amounts to cheating and is against the spirit of sport. Doping in modern sports includes using anabolic steroids and stimulants that make the central nervous system to modulate mental function and behaviour. The challenge got further extended to blood doping which involves blood transfusions and injections to increase the haemoglobin content in blood stream to bring more oxygen to muscles.

Doping, in electronics, means adding a tiny impurity to an ‘intrinsic’ (pure) semiconductor like Silicon to vary its electrical conductivity. Adding impurity makes loose electrons in a semiconductor atom to move about leaving a positively charged "hole" which captures another electron from a nearby atom creating another hole. This creates a sort of movement of ‘negative electrons’ and ‘positive holes’ signifying two ways of conducting current through the semiconductor material.



The viruses, bacteria or other germs which are released deliberately and used to cause illness or death in people, animals, or plants are termed bio-weapons. These biological agents can be used as instruments of warfare and terror to produce fear and harm in humans, animals, and plants.

These are produced by biological organisms or synthesized in the labs. They are generally worse than chemical weapons. The dose required is very low, agent reproduces in the host.

These agents are invisible, silent odourless and tasteless. They are expensive to produce but easy to disperse. Biological agents can be spread through the air, through water, or in food. These agents are typically found in nature, but it is possible that they could be changed to increase their ability to cause disease, make them resistant to current medicines, or to increase their ability to be spread into the environment

Terrorists may use biological agents because they can be extremely difficult to detect and do not cause illness for several hours to several days. It is difficult to control especially if agent is contagious or forms spores. It can disable or kill person

Wash your ears with it and it is good against deafness, noises and most other ailments of ears. Wash your eyes with your own water and it cures sore eyes and strengthens the sight.

There is no effective treatment to it. It is communicable between people. Have relatively long incubation period. The microbiologists and biological safety professionals can provide with a practical assessment of the biological weapons and help manage individuals potentially exposed to a threat agent.

Organic Food

JULY 2014

Health, taste and care for nature and environment are three considerations for choosing organic over non-organic food.

The word “organic” refers to the way farmers grow and process agricultural products. Organic farming practices encourage soil and water conservation, and reduce pollution. Farmers growing organic products do not use conventional methods to fertilize or control weeds and insects. Organic products are not widely available like non-organic products.

Organic products come in variable sizes and shapes that often look physically “imperfect,” whereas non-organic product all seem to look relatively the same because non-organic products are treated with chemicals, while organic product are not.

A lot of people believe that organic products are nutritionally better than non-organic products, although research on the topic is ongoing.

Organic products contain, if any, far fewer artificial ingredients (e.g., preservatives and pesticide and/or antibiotic residues, etc.) than their non-organic counterparts.


April 2014

The naturopathy helps in curing many diseases which are not normally cured by medicine. Within man is found the substance to cure his disease. This therapy is drugless system of healing.

It has been argued that it cannot be right to push back into the body, something which the body is apparently discarding. Yet this objection ignores the principle of composing as practiced by organic gardeners. Rotting dead leaves, when dug back into the soil, provide valuable minerals and salts to nourish new plant life

Drinking one's own urine is a well-known cure for Jaundice. Ancient Greeks used urine for treatment of wounds

Drink your own water in the morning nine days together and it cures Scurvy and makes the body lightsome and cheerful (One Thousand Notable Things. ≈1820)

Wash your ears with it and it is good against deafness, noises and most other ailments of ears. Wash your eyes with your own water and it cures sore eyes and strengthens the sight.

Wash and rub your hand with it and it takes away numbness, chaps and sores and makes the joints limber. Wash any green wound with it and it is an extra ordinary good thing. It is good against piles and other sores.

It open obstructions of the reins and urinary passages, dissolves tartarous coagulations in those parts, breaks and expels stone and gravel..

Outwardly applied, it cleanses the skin and softens it by washing it therewith, especially when warm. It cleanses heals and dries up wounds made by poisonous weapons (Salmon's English Physician. 1695).

The taste of healthy urine is not very objectionable (The water of Life. By John W. Armstrong, 1981). Fresh morning urine is merely somewhat bitter and salty. Urine when taken in to the body along with water is filtered; it becomes purer and purer in the course of time. First, it cleanses, then frees from obstruction and finally rebuilds the vital organs and passages after they have been wasted by the ravages of disease. In fact it rebuilds not only the lungs, pancreas, liver, brain, heart etc., but also repairs the linings of brain and bowel and other linings.

If doctors combine urine therapy with drugs then it will be failure. The advantage of this therapy is the very fact that it costs nothing and can be used by poor and rich alike.